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Biowaste to energy

Optimisation of Organic Waste to Energy Systems in India.

‘Biowaste-to-energy’ is a joint research project between the Institute of Ecopreneurship (IEC-FHNW) and the Indian National Environmental and Engineering Institute (CSIR-NEERI). It investigates the anaerobic digestion (AD) potential of biodegradable waste (‘biowaste’) for biogas and fertilizer valorisation in Indian communities. Project sites included case study cities, towns and villages in different climatic regions of India. At these sites we analysed biowaste availability (composition and amounts) and biowaste management (collection, source-segregation) and determined physico-chemical composition and methane production potential of relevant biowaste streams (household, fruit and vegetable market and agricultural biowaste) using laboratory approaches. Based on these results, we compared different scenarios of biowaste valorisation via AD for energy and fertilizer use related to Indian AD supporting programmes. Results of this research project built a foundation to discuss potential impacts in the context of renewable energy supply, sustainable food production, water resources and the local environment. Finally, our research aimed to provide sound evidence of opportunities, barriers and further research needs for AD of biowaste in India.

Key Figures

    Project duration: 2015 - 2018
    Funding agency:
    • SNSF Indo-Swiss Joint Research Programme
      Project numer: IZLIZ2_156448/1
    Project website:

    Institute for Ecopreneurship

    FHNW University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland School of Life Sciences, Institute for Ecopreneurship Hofackerstrasse 30 CH - 4132 Muttenz
    More information about the location